In our discussion of Justification as taught in the Apology, we want to focus on the pastoral care found in this doctrine as it relates to the giving of a clean conscience. We know that Christ has redeemed us from the curse and freed us from the condemnation of the Law. However, in this life, sin still plagues the justified.
Furthermore, because of sin, the conscience becomes troubled and conflicted. As the Law brings the knowledge of sin within our own hearts, we are left with a guilty conscience. Keep in mind that the conscience is an instrument given by God to testify to the actions of an individual. When the conscience is working properly, it alerts the individual of sinful thoughts, words, and deeds. If one does evil, the conscience becomes alarmed and terrified. When the conscience is shaped by the Law of God, it submits to God as the Judge. He alone determines what is right and wrong. The Law brings the knowledge of sin. However, if the conscience is only formed by the Law, then there is no rest. The conscience demands that the Law be satisfied in order to be right with God. The Law cannot justify. The Law does not teach the forgiveness of sins. In this sense, the Law always accuses and produces wrath. Read more… …click here